Wednesday, 26 November 2014

Blackfriars Bridge, Salford

Blackfriars Bridge spanning the River Irwell 
Blackfriar Bridge connects the cities of Salford (on the right) and Manchester, and was opened to traffic on 1 August 1820 thanks to the efforts of Thomas Fleming [3].  It was designed by the Salford architect, Thomas Wright.

"The erection of this light and elegant bridge in a line with the principal street of Manchester and forming a spacious communication with Salford was a long desired improvement to the town The bed of the river Irwell which it crosses is here very narrow and liable to floods which rise suddenly and to a great height these sometimes made the former bridge impassable it was of wood and for foot passengers only [see below].  Our view of the present finely proportioned structure is taken from the old or Salford Bridge a little higher up on the same river The road is carried strait over three semicircular arches the two piers adorned with coupled Ionic columns and an entablature crowned with a handsome balustrade.
The tower of St Mary's church with its taper spire is seen over the houses a little below the bridge This church stands between the river Irwell and Dean's Gate in Manchester it was built in the year 1756 and is a rectory in the gift of the warden and fellows of the collegiate church
The river Irwell rises in the moors which divide Lancashire from Yorkshire and flows westward through Rosendale Forest below Haslingdon when it takes a southern course to Bury A little below that town it receives the Roche and reaching Manchester is incorporated with the rivers Irk and Medlock and afterwards joins the Mersey at Flixton seven miles south west from Manchester " [1]

Blackfriars wooden footbridge mentioned above  
Lithograph  based on the painting below [2]

Painting by John Ralston of Blackfriars footbridge
oil on canvas. Salford Museum & Art Gallery

 History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, 2 (1889)

The wooden footbridge was erected in 1761, the coronation year of James II. The bridge sloped downward from the Manchester side to the level of the Salford bank of the Irwell. It was demolished in 1817.  Of course, Ralston's pictorial record of the old bridge predates this event.

[1] The Landscape Album; or, Great Britain Illustrated: containing fifty-nine views by W. Westall, Esq. ARA. With descriptions of the scenery by Thomas Moule, Esq.  Second series. London: Charles Tilt, 1834.
[2] Lithograph by Agostino Aglio (1832) after John Ralston. "Views of the ancient buildings in Manchester",  drawn from nature by J. Ralston, and on stone by A. Aglio, D. Dighton, J. D. Harding, G. Harley and J. Ralston. Manchester: D. & P. Jackson, 1823-25.  (John Ralston had thirteen views of Manchester printed and published in book form in 1823-25. The main reason for the publication seems to have been the demolition of many buildings in Market Street, caused by the widening of the street.) 

John Ralston

Although born in Scotland in 1789, John Ralston is nowadays a little known Manchester-based artist who was much celebrated in the early 1800s. Some of our best records of late 18th and early 19th century Manchester rely on drawings made by Ralston, including his many studies of Market Sted Lane (now Market Street), Dr White's house in King Street as well as views of Blackfriars Bridge.
Ralston also made an extensive record of the people of Manchester, offering a first hand insight into ladies and gentlemen's fashions of the period. Details of his life are very scant, other than a few records of his being the son of a calico printer's engraver, and that his family moved to live in Strines (near Marple) in Derbyshire.
At the age of 17 he became a student at Manchester School of Art, under various tutors including Parry and Rathbone. For much of his adult life he lived at number 26 Brazennose Street near Manchester Town Hall. Apart from the smarter buildings of Manchester, he was also attracted to make drawings of inner city dereliction and slum dwellings.
He was also an accomplished violinist and helped found the orchestra of the Manchester Gentlemen's Concert. A poor businessman, and much forgotten in later life, he died in poverty [in the workhouse], aged 44 in 1833. Obit.

John Ralston
Source: [2]

[3] See The Victorian Web for his statue in Manchester Cathedral.

This Blog:
The architect of the new Blackfriars Bridge, Thomas Wright, also designed Christ Church, Salford.

1 comment:

  1. I would like to contact you regarding a local history project I am undertaking - ohotography - and would like to ask you for permission to reproduce on a one off basis the first image entitled Blackfriars Bridge spanning the River Irwell I would love to hear from you You can contact me on Thank you